How Did the Assassination of Ferdinand Lead to WW1?
The assassination of Ferdinand by Gavrilo Princip and Morsey started World War I. This was done with the help of a secret society known as the Black Hand. The Black Hand opposed Austro-Hungarian influence in the Balkans, a region in southeastern Europe. The Black Hand planned to assassinate Franz Ferdinand, a leader of the Austrian government, to prevent that country’s invasion.
By the beginning of August, World War I had begun as a result of the killings. The Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28, 1919, exactly five years after the death of Franz Ferdinand, by Germany and the Allied Powers, bringing World War I to an end.
Morsey’s assassination of Ferdinand led to WW I
The assassination of Franz Ferdinand in Austria was not the only reason for the outbreak of WWI. It also helped the Germans, determined to prevent the allies from overthrowing them. Morsey was a German spy, and he had been based in Austria. His assassination was a coup d’état. He was a traitor to his country and had been sworn to protect the Austrian people. Morsey had a secret plan and was willing to do anything to achieve it.
Several conspiracy theories have been proposed as to why the archduke was assassinated. Countess Sophie Chotek von Chotkowa and Wognin, the wife of Franz Ferdinand, were also assassinated. The resulting chaos led to the outbreak of WWI. In the aftermath, World War I began with a major battle.
Gavrilo Princip’s assassination led to War
The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo in June 1914 by Bosnian Serb revolutionary Gavrilo Princip set in motion events that would lead to World War I. Princip, under the legal age of 20 at the time of the assassination, was convicted of treason and murder. He was imprisoned in a fortress near Prague, where he remained for the remainder of his life. Despite his heroic actions, Princip’s life would not survive until the end of World War I.
The surviving archduke’s wife, Sophie, who the assassination had injured, was still alive. The archduke rearranged his schedule to visit the wounded. When the chauffeur took a wrong turn, the driver accelerated to a faster speed. Suddenly, a man sitting in the cafe across the street shot the archduke in the throat and his wife in the stomach, killing both. Gavrilo Princip was sentenced to 20 years in prison.
Princip was not only malnourished but also an unreliable witness. He also tried to kill himself. Despite his conviction, his trial was a dramatic one. After all, his assassination of the Austro-Hungarian emperor triggered World War I. Despite this tragic ending, his legacy remains controversial in Sarajevo. A memorial to the Serbian general was constructed in 1916 in Sarajevo and completed in 1917. However, a memorial to the man who shot the archduke was destroyed in 1918.
By 1914, several independent states had been formed in the Balkans. However, this violent breakup of Yugoslavia reframed Princip’s legacy in an ethnic context. The Bosnian Muslim, Croat, and Bosnian Slav populations interpreted Princip’s assassination in the light of recent ethnic cleansing in their country.
While the Serbian government never inspired the assassination, the Austrian Foreign Office and army used the murder as a reason for war. The result was World War I, which ended in 1918, with 15 million people dying. The war changed the face of the world and shaped generations in the years since many people have pondered how Gavrilo Princip’s assassination led to World War I.
Milan Ciganovic — The source of information
The plotters gathered information from various sources. It is possible that Milan Ciganovic, the chief of police in Sarajevo, was a key player in the assassination. But there is still some controversy about whether the conspirators also visited Brod. They spent eleven days in Sarajevo and other towns. However, no official budget favors assigning responsibility to the “Black Hand.”
There were two theories on how the assassination plot was hatched. One theory holds that Serbia was the source of information about the assassination plot, which was discredited. Later, the two conspirators drew their ideas from a newspaper clipping, which they then showed to Princip. The latter testified that he read about Franz Ferdinand in the German newspapers and had written a symbolic letter to Ilic detailing his plan.
The plot was also suspected of being organized by Serbian members. It is also believed that two of the conspirators had links to the Serbian government. The conspirators had previously killed the brothers of Queen Draga but did not know about this until they were convicted of the crime. They then installed Peter I of the House of Karadordevic as the new king.
The second theory is that Nedeljko Cabrinovic, a Belgrade resident, had information on the assassination plot. He provided them with suicide pills and weapons, as well as training. He also provided them with a special map that marked out the gendarmes. He also supplied them with a small card that authorized them to access a special communications channel. The assassins could use the channel, but the police later arrested them.
The assassination plot was also believed to have involved three young Austro-Hungarian Bosnian Serbs in Belgrade. The three youths were eager to carry out the assassination and approached former guerrilla fighter Milan Ciganovic. Ciganovic had access to weapons and was an acquaintance of Major Tankosic, who was in charge of guerrilla training in the region. In exchange, the three youths agreed to transport arms and participate in the assassination.
Allied Powers didn’t adopt a treaty after Ferdinand’s assassination
After Franz Ferdinand was assassinated in Sarajevo, Austria-Hungary issued a request to the Serbian government. In response to the request, the Serbian government refused to negotiate, and Austria sought German help against Serbia and its allies. This triggered a series of military and diplomatic escalations and the start of World War I.
Austria-Hungary and Italy negotiated a treaty, the Triple Alliance Treaty, on 20 May 1882. In return for Italy’s military assistance, the Allied Powers would provide military support to each other in the event of an unprovoked attack by France. In turn, the Triple Alliance Treaty would allow two or more Great Powers to intervene with force against a single country or nation. The agreement was secret for a long time, but an Italian politician leaked it in October 1883, making it public knowledge.