Libertarianism Vs Liberalism
Libertarianism is a political philosophy that promotes the free market and society and aims to promote a free society. Its proponents include the free market, non-violent protest, 100% voluntary contracts, and individualist anarchism.
Liberalism and libertarianism are two political philosophies that have been highly debated throughout history with different power structures and theories. But what are the characteristics of each, who has the better system, and where do they come from? These questions can be answered through a summary of their historical backgrounds.
Liberalism was founded by John Locke in 1690, while libertarianism was founded by Adam Smith in 1776. Now, both philosophies fight for freedom and liberty. In this article, I will go into detail about the differences between liberalism vs. libertarianism—from their views on private property to how they approach economics—to identify which is more beneficial for our society.
The Liberal Philosophy
John Locke was a liberal, a historical term for modern-day liberals from 18th century Europe. Locke believed in the values of limited government, individual rights, and individual freedom. He proposed that society should be ruled by natural law and justice. He thought violence was only acceptable if used to protect life, liberty, and property. Locke first differentiated between mixed government vs. governments with a monarch in his Two Treatises of Government document that he wrote in 1690. In this document, he stated that monarchy is the least efficient form of ruling because it absolutizes power, leading to corruption and unjust rulings. Once he explained the different forms of government, he began to explain what each form should and should not do. For example, Locke stated that government should protect people’s rights to life, liberty, and property. He also stated that government should only protect its citizens from violence or invasion from other countries; however, each person is responsible for protecting their property. The purpose of the separation of church and state is to avoid the tyranny of religious groups over the government. The separation between the legislature and the executive branch is to avoid any political corruption that could occur if those two branches were combined (conflict of interest). It is essential to have a well-educated public for democracy to work correctly.
Libertarians prefer a society without government control, where fundamental rights are protected. Libertarians believe in a free economy and minimal government and the importance of individual freedom. They believe the government should not censor or oppress people, nor should it have any say over their lives or homes.
Libertarians share many common beliefs with left-wing libertarians, including the belief that parents should be free to decide what schools their children attend. They believe that schools should be completely free of government regulations. In addition, they believe that drug use should be legal and that it is an individual right.
Left-wing libertarianism is opposed to traditional liberalism, which supports more governmental intervention and government power. Libertarians also believe that government should limit its role in the economy. However, they do support government intervention in certain areas of policy. For example, while libertarians favor limited government, they do not support the expansion of the welfare state.
Social issues are another difference between left and right-wing liberalism. While the left-wing advocates more government power, the right wing believes that a limited role for government is the best solution to society’s problems. They believe that a free market will help drive down health care costs and other services. Furthermore, they believe in private retirement accounts as an alternative to government-guaranteed Social Security.
Generally, the difference between libertarianism and liberalism resides in the philosophy behind them. Libertarians believe in the importance of free speech and non-violent protests, while liberals believe in using civilized violence, such as intimidation.
Libertarians believe in individual freedom and a free market for the goods and services we use daily. They oppose government intervention in the market because it prevents a free and fair market. They also believe in the second amendment.
Libertarianism is divided into several different schools. The two primary schools of thought are classical and modern libertarianism. Classical liberalism and modern libertarianism are distinctly different ideologies, with each promoting a different way of life.
100% Voluntary Contracts
The debate between 100% voluntary contracts and the state can be divided into two categories: classical liberals and hard-line libertarians. Classical liberals focus on institutional and cultural issues. Hard-line libertarians, meanwhile, do not care about either. Instead, they believe in voluntary arrangements that can coordinate the interests of private individuals and groups. The freedom of contract is the best system for such coordination.
The Individualist movement is a branch of anarchism that advocates individual sovereignty. Some of the leading proponents of this view are Deitschler and Wesley. In addition, the Individual Freedom newsletter, published by G.W. Swain, advocates individual sovereignty and self-government.
Both Individualist anarchism and libertarianism advocate individual initiative. Individuals can organize cultural revolutions, human rights, ideas archives, discussion centers, 1000 libertarian projects, etc. In addition, they can develop skills in areas like personal finance, personal education, and collaboration.
Individualist anarchism advocates self-determination, as the most critical aspect of freedom is freedom of action. A ‘free’ society does not require any rules and is free to pursue the happiness and well-being of its citizens. As such, it is individuals’ responsibility to make beneficial decisions for all.
Individualist anarchism is based on Adam Smith’s theory that ‘freedom should be the main goal of all human society.’ Adam Smith argued that “freedom is the highest form of happiness” and that “achievement must be self-determined.” It is also based on the idea of “freedom,” as described by Marx.
Libertarianism is a political philosophy that calls for a limited government with fewer regulations. For example, libertarians call for the elimination of regulations on over-the-counter contraceptives and want the United States to stop acting like a world police officer. They also oppose using force against foreign countries and want to focus our military only on national defense.
Libertarians believe that most state functions should be transferred to the private sector. This position is often referred to as the “minimal state.” The minimal state position holds that a state can legitimately provide specific services and functions, such as police and courts. This view also says that a state can legitimately provide public goods and limited tax-funded welfare transfers.
In contrast, libertarians would leave laws that protect the public from danger, such as driving under the influence of drugs or a firearm. These policies would not interfere with the concentration of corporate power. However, they would allow corporations to continue operating with little government interference.
Libertarians believe that governments should be limited and that they should be limited to protecting individual rights. However, they also believe that the government is a dangerous institution that needs to be fought against. Because power corrupts, libertarians limit the government and distribute power more evenly. In the past, the dispersion of power has contributed to economic growth and individual liberty in Western countries.
Libertarians generally believe that government should not confiscate property or other assets. They also hold that private property rights over natural resources are not legitimate. The rights of people to use natural resources are not unlimited. However, libertarians don’t support taxation or social programs interfering with their freedom. This makes libertarians highly controversial.